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Did Jesus have siblings and who were they?

It is a subject that has been debated among scholars and theologians for centuries. While the Bible does not explicitly mention the names of Jesus' siblings, it does provide some clues that suggest he may have had brothers and sisters.

One passage that is often referenced is Matthew 13:55-56, which states, "Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us?" This passage suggests that Jesus had at least four brothers named James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, as well as an unspecified number of sisters.

Another passage that supports the idea of Jesus having siblings is Mark 6:3, which says, "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us?" This verse provides similar information to the one in Matthew, reinforcing the notion that Jesus had siblings.

However, it is important to note that there are differing interpretations of these passages. Some argue that the terms "brothers" and "sisters" could refer to close relatives or disciples rather than biological siblings. Others believe that Mary, the mother of Jesus, remained a virgin throughout her life, and therefore Jesus did not have any biological siblings.

To further complicate matters, the Greek word used for "brothers" in these passages, "adelphos," can have a broader meaning that encompasses relatives or close associates. This has led some scholars to suggest that the "brothers" mentioned in the Bible were actually Jesus' cousins or close friends.

Ultimately, the question of whether Jesus had siblings remains a topic of debate and interpretation. While some argue for the existence of biological siblings based on the passages mentioned, others propose alternative explanations. It is important to approach this topic with an open mind and consider the various perspectives and interpretations.

In conclusion, while the Bible does not provide explicit details about Jesus' siblings, there are passages that suggest he may have had brothers and sisters. The interpretation of these passages varies, with some arguing for biological siblings and others proposing alternative explanations. The question of whether Jesus had siblings remains a subject of debate among scholars and theologians.

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